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Learning Danish

KEEP CALM AND LÆR DANSK

Danmark: Der er et yndigt land.

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Grammatik Posted on Thu, August 03, 2017 19:03:54

The indefinite article (corresponding to English ‘a(n)’) is, in Danish, either
EN (common gender) or ET (neuter).

The definite (or end) article (corresponding to English ‘the’) is -(E)N or -(E)T in the singular and -(E)NE in the
plural. The term ‘end article’ refers to the fact that it is added to the end
of the noun, either to its dictionary form or (in the plural) to its inflected
form:

1) SINGULAR
a) Indefinite (en/et)
en mand (a man)
en kvinde (a woman)
et hus (a house)
et æble (an apple)

b) Definite (End article) (-(e)n/-(e)t)
manden (the man)
kvinden (the woman)
huset (the house)
æblet (the apple)

2) PLURAL (both genders) (-(e)ne)
(e)r-plural
aviser (newspapers) – aviserne (the newspapers)
æbler (apples) – æblerne (the apples)

e-plural
borde (tables) – bordene (the tables)
heste (horses) – hestene (the horses)

zero-plural
mænd (men) – mændene (the men)
sko (shoes) – skoene (the shoes)

Reference: Danish an Essencial Grammar (Tom Lundskær-Nielsen and Philip Holmes), 2ed.



NOUNS – EN og ET

Grammatik Posted on Thu, August 03, 2017 18:55:11

NOUNS
Danish nouns are either common gender (en- words) or neuter gender
(et- words). The corresponding indefinite article is en or et, ‘a(n)’.
INDEFINITE
Common gender
en mand (a man)
en uge (a week)

Neuter gender
et hus (a house)
et æble
(an apple)

Gender determines the form with end article (definite article) singular:
DEFINITE
Common gender

manden (the man)
ugen (the week)

Neuter gender
huset (the house)
æblet (the apple)

Reference: Danish an Essencial Grammar (Tom Lundskær-Nielsen and Philip Holmes), 2ed.



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